Open Water Muskie Trolling Tactics
June 03, 2013
No-man's land. It was, in World War I, that ugly area between the trenches -- scraggly trees, boulders, artillery craters, barbed wire. Our lakes and reservoirs also offer these seemingly desolate sections that few muskie anglers notice, much less fish.
Today, the astute among you know that such places are sometimes where we need to be fishing. No fishing pressure. Fish adapt and use these spots, and so should we. Indeed, muskies use them when traveling, while resting and, more often than not, when feeding.
Areas of "no-man's muskies" typically are large and flat and somewhat devoid of weed and rock concentrations, usually lying between obvious major structural elements. Or they may be the opposite, consisting of large, monotonous areas of weedgrowth and rock -- again, lying between obvious edge formations which may attract fish. But so may the no-man's area, especially when the obvious edges get lots of attention from other anglers.
The most common no-man's muskie area falls between two types of vegetation. In northern Minnesota, where I do most of my fishing, a typical scenario would be a drop-off edge consisting of good cabbage growth; then, moving shallower, a 20- or 30- to several-100-yard section of no-man's land; abutting on the inside shallows, a distinct line of pencil reeds or rushes.
Again, many muskie anglers focus on the cabbage edge, on the deep side, and the edge of the rushes, on the inside, while few spend time on no-man's land, those potentially rich pickings in between. Leech Lake, Lake Plantagenet, Cass, Little Boy, Bemidji and Mille Lacs are a few prominent examples of Minnesota lakes that have areas like this. Most lakes and reservoirs in the country, though, have similar to offer.
Usually, the larger the body of water, the larger and more extensive their stretches of no-man's land. But, as you know, smaller zones on smaller lakes can be just as important to someone who has to fish these lesser (and often, heavily pressured) bodies of water.
Canadian Shield lakes -- ranging from Lake Vermillion, Minnesota, and on into Canada -- have no-man's areas. Long, sloping, underwater points have defined edges, a deeper drop-off edge and an interior shallow edge consisting of a rock ledge, either at the shoreline or somewhere slightly deeper, just out from the shoreline. Often the tip of a point has a "spot or spots on the spot." Often such a site consists of a particularly large gathering of boulders. Sometimes it's just the immediate tip of the point. Other times it's just where the steepest drop-off portion of the edge abuts a side that begins to shallow up.
It's fairly easy to contact muskies in such high-percentage holding locales by moving along quickly and casting speed baits like a bucktail. Or, when conditions are more difficult, slow down a bit and use another of the many popular muskie baits -- a crankbait or a jerkbait, perhaps.
You also know, though, how often these obvious spots may be hit during a day by other anglers. By now I'm betting you've gotten my point. Fish also scatter and feed away from these obvious danger zones. Or, they're pressured enough that they just move away. These are the fish -- the no-man's muskies -- that don't have to contend with lures whizzing past every hour. The depth of no-man's areas varies from lake to lake. The main depths in the lakes I usually fish run from 5 to 9 or 10 feet. In a few shallower lakes, the depths have run 3 to 6 feet.
Sometimes these locations may seem devoid of structure, but you need to look for subtle structural changes. Two or three strands of cabbage, a group of skull-sized rocks, a patch of five-inch-tall grass is all that it might take to hold a fish. The vast no-man's areas on Leech Lake and the extensive sand flats on the north end of Mille Lacs are a lot like this. The fish may relate to no more than a one-foot drop on pure sugar sand or several stalks of cabbage.
On the other hand, some no-man's sections seem to be solid weedgrowth. Here you might look for a larger patch of growth that protrudes all the way to the surface. Or weed pockets in the solid mat. Or an edge where coontail abuts cabbage weeds (the coontail often grows in a wall, while the thinner cabbage stalks give fish room to maneuver).
IMPROVING THE ODDS
Occasionally, it's much better to be lucky than it is to be just plain good; so blind casting is always an option when you're getting started -- well, not really blind casting, so much as picking some sort of calculated way to cover the subject for the first time. Once or twice through an area should give you a feel for the location of higher-percentage areas.
I also take time before the season to cruise these, looking for potential fish-holding pockets. Use a Global Positioning System (GPS) to mark mini-cabbage patches, small rock piles, logs or other "oases" in these deserts.
On many of the lakes I fish in Minnesota, pencil reeds or rushes often form the "inside" border of no-man's sections. Reed and rush beds usually aren't uniform for long stretches. Look for reed or rush points extending out into no-man's land. These are good places to start searching. Fish often use water near points as travel routes to and from the reeds, out to the cabbage drop-off areas. I often focus my casting or trolling between the most obvious points of reeds and the closest drop-off cabbage bed.
Trolling can be productive and is a good way to quickly get a better feel for a new site. Cover lots of water as you have a look. Your lure's always in the strike zone, so there's a chance you'll connect as you're looking.
Eventually, though, you'll recognize that certain little spots or larger general areas usually produce fish. The better you know a no-man's zone, the more of these potential spots you'll have marked, thus cutting down your search time. The objective is always to fish as efficiently as possible, having your lures in prime fish water as much as possible. That's just as true when you're fishing no-man's land.